File Systems

From Novicorp WinToFlash [The Bootable USB Creator] WiKi
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FAT16 CHS

Simple 16-bit file system, maximum size of partition = 2Gb, maximum size of file = 2Gb. WinToFlash calculates LBA size based on CHS size.

FAT16 LBA

Simple 16-bit file system, maximum size of partition = 2Gb, maximum size of file = 2Gb. WinToFlash calculates CHS size approximately, based on LBA size.

FAT32 CHS

Simple 32-bit file system, maximum size of partition = 8Gb, maximum size of file = 4Gb. WinToFlash calculates LBA size based on CHS size.

FAT32 LBA

Simple 32-bit file system, maximum size of partition = 2Tb, maximum size of file = 4Gb. WinToFlash calculates CHS size approximately, based on LBA size.

NTFS

Advanced file system, maximum size of partition > 16Tb, maximum size of file > 16Tb. WinToFlash calculates CHS size approximately, based on LBA size for volumes, less than 8Gb.

exFAT

Simple 32-bit file system, maximum size of partition > 256Tb, maximum size of file > 256Tb. WinToFlash calculates CHS size approximately, based on LBA size for volumes less than 8Gb.

File System Comparison

FAT16 CHS FAT16 LBA FAT32 CHS FAT32 LBA NTFS exFAT
Partition size 2 Gb 2 Gb 8 Gb 2 Tb >16 Tb >256 Tb
File Size 2 Gb 2 Gb 4 Gb 4 Gb >16 Tb >256 Tb
MBR partition type 06h 0Eh 0Bh 0Ch 07h 07h
Standard bootloader Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Grub4DOS bootloader Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Primary addressing CHS LBA CHS LBA LBA LBA